Therefore the development is paper of the family of auto-esteem of its children. Considering the necessity of if reviewing the bases of the education of the child supported in bibliography of diverse authors, the research approached the contributions of the psicopedagogia in the educational scope through a proposal of work carried through in set with family/school making possible to minimize the indiscipline in the children. Family the family is indispensable for the individual development of the child, in which it starts to construct its history of life. The family plays a decisive role in the formal and informal education of the child; she is in its space, that are absorbed the moral, ethical and humanitarian values, creating a net of entailed significaes to myths, beliefs, religions, secrets, fears and ideas. The well-succeeded education of the child in the family is that it goes to serve of support to its creativity and to its behavior when will be adult. The family will be the influence most powerful for the development of the personality and the character of the people. Although the conflicts, the family is only in its determinative paper in development of the sociability, the affectivity and the welfare physicist of the individuals during the period of infancy and adolescence. The affectivity in the learning process the child if constructs to the measure that lives and coexists in its half one; it is not born with habits, this if she makes from its experiences, the emotions are gifts in all the moments of our lives, in the relations with the other, where if they create the affective bows. The affectivity is basic in the construction of the citizen, therefore it is the first manifestation of the psiquismo, giving impulse for the cognitivo development when restoring bonds with the social environment. Since small, the baby uses the emotion to communicate itself with the world, before exactly of the language, obtains to establish relation with the mother, by means of affective expressions and gestures.