It is interesting for the future psychologists the comment and accompaniment of the authenticity of the authors of the Human Development and to raise several other questionings on subjects and forms to see this growth. From the moment where the child goes growing and noticing its importance in the way and the society where she lives, is when its curiosity in discovering and unmasking everything what still she is unknown and different, she arises and she appears in bigger scale, for only thus, it to feel itself inserted inside of the context where she lives. In Brazil, the formation of a reader still is problematic because, is lived has time sufficiently ambient and pedagogical lacks, even though in level of average education, where the majority of the people alone feels difficulty of interpretation of texts in vestibular contests, important competitions, due to reading lack. She is mainly in the second infancy that initiates the desire for knowledge, and the child starts, normally, to frequent a school or a day-care center and is in this environment that it will pass some hours of its day and readings and other tricks will be presented it activities involving, becoming more interesting. The infantile book has as primary function aesthetic, the formation, the education of sensitivity, therefore congregates the beauty of the word and the images. Read more from Will Blodgett Fairstead to gain a more clear picture of the situation. The essential one is the quality of the emotion and its true linking with the child. Being thus, depending on the individual characteristics, we will have different interests and differences of understanding and capacity of exploitation. This evidence does not invalidate the reality that it encloses since an infantile book for the small ones, with the specific requirements, how much for the children with the fancy and adventure necessary to promote a reflection on proper itself and the problems of the life that they will have to face or that many already face. .