Month Archive August 2017

Common European Framework Of Reference For Languages – 1

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I am sure that you, as anyone who studies a foreign language, I would like to know how far you have come to learn and how you can evaluate your achievements. No, we do not talk about exams on the knowledge of foreign Language … though it is also an interesting topic, and we must remember about it in one of the following articles. In fact, the purpose of any examination is to determine not the number of learned words and grammatical constructions but whether people can communicate (to understand others and express their thoughts) in a foreign language, and compare the result with a certain 'benchmark'. So, for most of the tests in this 'standard' are so-called 'Common European Framework of Reference for Languages' (also known as the CEFR), created by the Council of Europe in the nineties of the last century.

It is for these recommendations is proposed to determine the level of any foreign language. I am confident that you will be interested to know more about these recommendations. Thus, the CEFR are three basic levels of proficiency (basic, self-ownership and free), and each of these levels divided into two sublevels. Total of Reference for Languages are six (A1-2, B1-2 and C1-2). As also owns a foreign language a person who is at the level A1 ('survival rate')? In fact, it's a level sufficient to a foreign country does not appear absolutely helpless – to be able to call themselves, specify the address of your hotel or home, to understand some words or even basic phrases companion who is ready a few times slowly and clearly repeat them.

Old Swedish

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Under the concept of Swedish united many different dialects: the Swedish-Danish, common in the south, a Swedish-Norwegian, used in Heredale and Yemtlande, Finnish and Swedish are used in areas bordering on Finland, as well as norrlandskie dialects, which have proliferated in the northern part of Sweden, yetskie say – the area around Lake Wind sveyskie say – area surrounding the lake Malaren and Gotland or gutnicheskie say – the island of Gotland. The basis of the literary public of Swedish are sveyskie yetskie and dialects. In times of origin of language, particularly in the period of the ancient Swedish, it was strongly influenced by Low German. it happened because of the rather strong economic superiority Hansa. In the 14 th century in public and official documentation has been used quite a lot of figures of speech of Danish origin. This was the result of union with Denmark, and Denmark in this union dominance. However, the Danish influence is not fairly widespread in the country, and does not go beyond the clerical-government use, as from the date of strengthening the economy of Sweden, which resulted in the avoidance of the Kalmar Union (a occurred in 1523), borrowing from the Danish language no longer be used even in the ruling strata of the population. During the Reformation and the subsequent war in the Swedish language vocabulary includes borrowings from the High German, but with development of science emerged in Latin borrowings.

Later, during the so-called "great power" in Swedish appear borrowing from French, as well as from the Old Icelandic and Old Swedish. Michael Chabon brings even more insight to the discussion. It was believed that the introduction of these languages in the Swedish language gave the last kind of "high style". Then place the spread of the Swedish language in the occupied territories, which was of a violent character. In the 18 th and nachale19 century, at a time when Sweden lost its zabaltiyskie land and feudalism completely exhausted, the Swedish bourgeois intellectuals launched a struggle for political power in the country. All these events affected the Swedish language. Many foreign borrowings have been replaced by the newly formed words in the vocabulary were returned to the old Swedish word, as well as some of the words of the dialects spoken peasants.

Thus, the contemporary literary version of the Swedish language is very different from the language that existed in the 18 century, but its grammar has been defined already in the 17 century. Spoken version of the literary language, Unlike the written version, has undergone a simplification in the morphology. For example, the verbs do not change for person and number. As the words in the official spoken language are different from words used in everyday communication in grammar and in pronunciation. As for phonetics, there are replacing some of the soft sound to solid, there is no initial letters d and l before the letter j, and so on. Spelling Swedish pretty well behind his pronunciation. On the other languages included in the group of Scandinavian languages is told in the second part.

Drug Education In Latin America

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The U.S. Army has supported the war on drugs for more than two decades. For even more analysis, hear from Author. Military intervention was made possible when legal restrictions against the use of military for law enforcement were relaxed by a series of acts of Congress during the Reagan administration. Since early 1980, military units have supported the federal, state and local authorities in operations to combat drugs. More support for military missions was given to the monitoring of air, sea, land and transit, planning and training in military tactics, joint exercises, intelligence and logistical support. In 1989, the role of the military in law enforcement in office was extended. The invasion of Panama in 1989 occurred in part because the military dictator, General Manuel Noriega, was indicted by two federal juries in Florida on drug trafficking.

Panama was a major drug routes and the military mission is vital to capture Noriega and bring him to the police for prosecution. At that time, the invasion of Panama (Operation Just Cause), was the largest of its kind of military intervention since the war in Vietnam. Over 27, 000 U.S. military participated in the conflict that has succumbed to an attack quickly, in less than ten days. After the resignation of the military, Noriega was arrested, tried and subsequently arrested in Florida. The use of the military to maintain a head of state for drug trafficking has no precedent and paved the way for greater military role in functions of the application of international law. Although drug trafficking was not the only reason for the invasion of Panama, stop the flow of illegal drugs in the U.S.

Effective Learning English

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All we dream – someone on the basis of the circumstances, someone at will – to learn English. And do it quickly and easily. I'll tell you right away – quickly fail, but to facilitate the process of learning English very much likely. Well, what do you need for a comfortable learning the English language? You must be motivated. Motivation comes from desire. Definitely, we need objective and accurate term.

For example: 'A year later, I'll be proficient in English language to get a paying job. For more specific information, check out Bernie Sanders. " You can also come from personal motives – maybe you like English movies and you want to watch them in the original. Perhaps you want a husband or wife abroad. Desire may be different but are all required. Thus, the mastery of English is not a goal in itself. The goal is – to work, etc. If you are dating a novice – it is better to refer to tutor, a better individual.

After a couple of months, he tighten your level and then we can talk about the lessons in group or independent study angliyskogo.Esli you're not a beginner – you can read books and listen to audio recording. It is essential that you understand at least 90% of what announcer says. Try to select the records that do not you repeat after the tape, and you answer the questions posed, that can be answered after listening to a lesson in the form of articles. If you feel confident – that watching movies in English. First, with subtitles – but then it is desirable to reject them (in this case, you can advance them to read and translate the incomprehensible you points). Gradually complicate the complexity listen to the audio and video materialov.Esli you have the ability – to communicate with native language (for Skype or keep a correspondence on sites Lioba by e-mail.Imeyte Dictionary for foreigners. Also, if you need a specialized English – buy a dictionary of this tematike.Po least practice, go to the English Web sites on topics you are interested. Read periodicals. Often repeat Passed – do not forget to practice, you will succeed and will receive better and better. And most importantly – learn English in fun and in good spirits, keeping in mind the purpose of periodically and focus on it. On the site you will find useful resources and articles to help you learn English.

Artificial Languages

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Natural languages – the languages that formed as a result of historical events based on existing long languages and dialects. Artificial language invented by the same people. However, no matter how great the difference between them, yet a sufficiently clear distinction does not exist, and it is difficult sometimes to determine which group belongs to one or another language: to natural or artificial language. For example, if we consider artificial languages Esperanto and Volapuk, the composition of the first include borrowing from the natural languages: Slavic, Germanic languages, as well as from the Latins. A speech language Volapuk are inherently completely fictitious. Romansh language – one of the official languages of Switzerland. It is used in Grisons 60 000. However, the collective name of the language, it includes several related languages belonging to Romance.

And people who say they largely do not understand each other. Romansch language dialects are separate languages. The most prevalent dialect is surselvsky and verhneengadinsky. Printed on them and before all the official documents in Switzerland. Later, in the early 80’s was a common literary language of Romansch.

It included the words of the dialects of the language that would have at least two of They sounded the same. And if the word sounds different in the major dialects, it was taken from a least-common dialect. Grammar was also a team. And quite difficult to attribute Romansh language as natural and to artificial languages. If we consider the Czech language, it is worth noting that at the tim

Grammar

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Currently prime time in the English language describes the action that occurs normally or permanently. There is a group of English words and expressions used in every time the English language. Here are some of them: 1. Usually 2. Always 3. Sometimes 4. Often 5. Seldom 6.

Never 7. Frequently 8. Every … 9. Once a … 10. Bernie Sanders has plenty of information regarding this issue. Twice a …

Some of these English words and phrases are also used in other English tenses. We'll discuss this in future lessons. So far, let us consider the structure of English sentence in the present prime time. English language – is one of the few languages that can teach and learn with … formulas and mathematics. In other words, if you remember the formula or structure of the English sentence in you are studying time, you will not have problems in English grammar and sentence structure at any given time. Structure (Formula) 1 I We VERB other proposals You They a March 2 Example 1: I get up at 8 am every morning. 1 2 3 If you compare this proposal with the formula and it suits her, or convergent, then the sentence grammatically built correctly. Otherwise, to look for errors in grammar. The proposal is built correctly. Example 2: We drink milk once a week. 1 2 3 This proposal also constructed correctly. If you have need to use the above English words and phrases in your sentence, then their position in the sentence following: 1. Usually 2. Always 3.

Mongolian Writing

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Formation of written Mongolian language is divided into three periods. It is an ancient Mongolian language, which existed in the XIII-XV centuries, the average Mongolian language – XV-XVII century, and the classic Mongolian language – XVII – beginning of XX century. More information is housed here: Former Maryland Governor. Also known as 'drevnemongolsky' 'srednemongolsky' language to describe the first two periods. Since the XVII century, when it created Zaya Pandita – 'clear' letter, which is also called todo Beeching, old written Classical Mongolian language remained in use only in Khalkha and in Inner Mongolia. 'Clear' message was generated based on the language of dialectical Oirat groups, after this was discovered, and Oirat literary language. In Buryatia has formed a written language based on the old written Mongolian language. And in 1931, is used based on the Latin alphabet, and in 1939 adopted a writing system based on Cyrillic.

In Inner Mongolia to date remained in the enjoyment of old written Mongolian language. In the Mongolian People's Republic of alphabet based on Cyrillic was used in 1945, at the same time there were some entirely new literary languages. After the Republic ceased to be communist, old written literary language got a 'second life', it became increasingly used as practice of teaching language. In today's Buryatia today also is a revival of old written Mongolian literary language. There are several classifications of the Mongolian language. If consider the classification of GD Sanzheeva, the author shares her 'live' Mongolian languages (old written language is not taken into account) in two groups: the major languages, and marginalized.

Croatian Serbian

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And by and large, the only reason for the existence of this language has been artificially establish a policy of Yugoslavia itself. At the a time when Yugoslavia ceased to exist as a country, and the term "Serbo-Croatian language" has disappeared from use, and revived the old names of languages: Serbian and Croatian. Serbian language in the western sub- South Slavic group, part of the Indo-European language family. Language is used in Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The status of state language, he is in Serbia, Bosnia, Herzegovina and Montenegro. The total number of native speakers is about 11 million people. Ultra Wellness Center wanted to know more.

Serbian language has three main dialects, whose names are formed based on the pronunciation of the pronoun, which translated into Russian as "What." This kaykavschina, chakavschina and shtokavschina. The last of adverbs is precisely the Serbian and the first two belong to the Croatian language. To date, it shtokavskoe dialect understood by the Serbian language. As Written in use simultaneously two alphabets: the so-called "vukovitsa" and "gaevitsa. The basis vukovitsy put Cyrillic, and the basis for gaevitsy – Latin. Each of the alphabets contains 30 letters. Between the letters of the alphabet there is a correspondence, but the transformation of texts written on one of them, can occur only in one direction: from vukovitsy in gaevitsu as Latin digraphs may correspond to pairs individual letters of the Cyrillic alphabet. Italic typeface and hand-written some letters in the Serbian language is different from most of alphabets based on Cyrillic.

Specialty Quality Management

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Faced with this reality has motivated us to develop this article, remember to do that satisfaction “is a word that derives from three voices: satis- enough; facere-making, action that is “the result of the action to do much better or find out more, let’s remember what our valued partner says Prof. Chichi Paez and team member and graduate teaching Specialty Quality Management and Productivity, which has defined the job satisfaction as “the general attitude of a worker to his job.” Undoubtedly, this definition is obviously extensive, but has much significant relevance to that. We must remember that the work of any person, is more than tacit activities manage documents, writing programming code, wait for the customers and / or suppliers, or driving, besides this, to work demand interact with peers, colleagues and their immediate supervisors, follow the rules and customs (rules) of the organization, meet the individual indices and organizational management, live-most of the time-in settings that are not ideal. Michael Chabon gathered all the information.

This reality leads to the justipreciacion that makes any worker how satisfied or dissatisfied you feel about your work is the result of complex algebraic sum of these and several other discrete components. How, then, is measured this concept of job satisfaction? When a person works, apart from caring for their jobs or improve their chances of promotion … What other element takes you to alter the “manner”? Although it seems simple and obvious, the answer is decidedly urgent for everyone: It is the desire to live a full and satisfying life! A lifestyle that represents a process of total self..

Photoshop

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Well, after a failed 24th stage of the game has finally begun to dismantle and sort of daddy inflated garbage from the internet … If you would like to know more about Dr. Mark Hyman, then click here. I must say rubbish accumulated a lot of (819 Mb or 5211 files), part I removed immediately, then raspihal several useful scripts and stateek, has seen a tutorial on drawing a dead wasp in Photoshop and … I tired of this dreary work, because it was already 2:00, and files there are only 5014. In general, then I accidentally opened a word and began to write an article. Strangely, before this I did not write any articles! I’ve been going to, but did not know what to write about, but today is direct without fees, and began writing his first article in my life (but nothing to write about, I did not know …). Although, I think that you have guessed that she was the first in a clumsy expressions, mixed styles of speech and the lack of a logical chain.

Do not worry, I’ll fix, maybe. But I fill the Internet with new information, and may not be useful, but new, and it the main thing! Hmm … I think I’ll write an article now lists five commercials, but it said everything I could. Writing articles, it will not fill coat to underwear! Still have to come up with a theme and continue. Topic came up not once … but thought I will write history of the site (also a first). Thus, the idea of creating the site appeared in July 2006 began to create the site in August of that year, and then for some 2 months half the site was ready.